County Demographics

Lackawanna County Demographic Profile

In 2015, the population in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania was 211,917. Between 2005 and 2015, the region’s population declined at an annual average rate of 0.0%.

The region has a civilian labor force of 104,845 with a participation rate of 59.7%. Of individuals 25 to 64 in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, 29.9% have a bachelor’s degree or higher which compares with 31.3% in the nation.

The median household income in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania is $46,271 and the median house value is $144,800.

Summary1
Percent Value
Lackawanna County, Pa. Pa. USA Lackawanna County, Pa. Pa. USA
Demographics
Population2 211,917 12,802,503 321,418,820
Population Annual Average Growth2 0.0% 0.3% 0.8% -39 35,251 2,590,222
Median Age3 41.8 40.1 37.2
Under 18 Years 20.5% 22.0% 24.0% 43,947 2,792,155 74,181,467
18 to 24 Years 10.0% 9.9% 9.9% 21,530 1,261,381 30,672,088
25 to 34 Years 11.3% 11.9% 13.3% 24,239 1,511,119 41,063,948
35 to 44 Years 12.3% 12.7% 13.3% 26,325 1,615,669 41,070,606
45 to 54 Years 14.9% 15.3% 14.6% 31,856 1,940,404 45,006,716
55 to 64 Years 13.4% 12.8% 11.8% 28,645 1,622,344 36,482,729
65 to 74 Years 8.4% 7.7% 7.0% 17,980 979,538 21,713,429
75 Years, and Over 9.3% 7.7% 6.0% 19,915 979,769 18,554,555
Race: White 92.0% 81.9% 72.4% 197,296 10,406,288 223,553,265
Race: Black or African American 2.5% 10.8% 12.6% 5,423 1,377,689 38,929,319
Race: American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2% 0.2% 0.9% 330 26,843 2,932,248
Race: Asian 1.7% 2.7% 4.8% 3,644 349,088 14,674,252
Race: Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 55 3,653 540,013
Race: Some Other Race 2.0% 2.4% 6.2% 4,393 300,983 19,107,368
Race: Two or More Races 1.5% 1.9% 2.9% 3,296 237,835 9,009,073
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 5.0% 5.7% 16.3% 10,682 719,660 50,477,594
Economic
Labor Force Participation Rate and Size (civilian population 16 years and over)4 59.7% 62.8% 63.3% 104,845 6,516,882 158,897,824
Armed Forces Labor Force4 0.1% 0.0% 0.4% 92 4,877 1,015,464
Veterans, Age 18-644 5.5% 5.2% 5.5% 7,221 411,502 10,750,884
Median Household Income3,4 $46,271 $53,599 $53,889
Per Capita Income3,4 $25,608 $29,291 $28,930
Poverty Level (of all people)4 14.8% 13.5% 15.5% 30,447 1,666,569 47,749,043
Households Receiving Food Stamps4 14.2% 12.9% 13.2% 12,093 637,866 15,399,651
Mean Commute Time (minutes)4 20.6 26.3 25.9
Commute via Public Transportation4 1.2% 5.6% 5.1% 1,175 326,404 7,362,038
Union Membership5 14.0% 12.7% 11.1%
Educational Attainment, Age 25-64
No High School Diploma4 8.1% 8.5% 11.8% 8,909 569,645 19,736,243
High School Graduate4 33.4% 33.8% 26.4% 36,818 2,274,786 43,982,863
Some College, No Degree4 18.5% 17.2% 21.7% 20,425 1,159,475 36,187,232
Associate’s Degree4 10.2% 9.1% 8.8% 11,200 613,510 14,742,654
Bachelor’s Degree4 19.4% 19.6% 19.9% 21,356 1,318,725 33,245,950
Postgraduate Degree4 10.5% 11.8% 11.4% 11,571 793,585 18,952,103
Housing
Total Housing Units4 97,028 5,585,611 133,351,840
Median House Value (of owner-occupied units)3,4 $144,800 $166,000 $178,600
Homeowner Vacancy4 2.1% 1.8% 1.9% 1,244 61,970 1,492,691
Rental Vacancy4 4.6% 5.9% 6.4% 1,410 97,321 2,949,366
Renter-Occupied Housing Units (% of Occupied Units)4 33.4% 30.8% 36.1% 28,388 1,527,069 42,214,214
Occupied Housing Units with No Vehicle Available (% of Occupied Units)4 10.4% 11.4% 9.1% 8,856 566,215 10,628,474
Social
Enrolled in Grade 12 (% of total population)4 1.2% 1.3% 1.4% 2,480 164,292 4,451,334
Disconnected Youth4,6 3.3% 2.6% 3.0% 380 17,840 518,859
Children in Single Parent Families (% of all children)4 37.4% 34.6% 34.8% 15,427 898,660 24,408,909
Disabled, Age 18-644 11.7% 11.0% 10.3% 15,104 862,720 19,985,588
Disabled, Age 18-64, Labor Force Participation Rate and Size4 36.9% 41.2% 41.0% 5,577 355,174 8,185,456
Foreign Born4 5.1% 6.3% 13.2% 10,794 800,519 41,717,420
Speak English Less Than Very Well (population 5 yrs and over)4 3.9% 4.1% 8.6% 7,812 492,286 25,410,756

Source: JobsEQ®

1, Census 2010, unless noted otherwise

2, Census 2015, annual average growth rate since 2005

3, Median values for certain aggregate regions (such as MSAs) may be estimated as the weighted averages of the median values from the composing counties.

4, ACS 2011-2015

5, 2014; Current Population Survey, unionstats.com, and Chmura; county- and zip-level data are best estimates based upon industry-, MSA-, and state-level data

6, Disconnected Youth are 16-19 year olds who are (1) not in school, (2) not high school graduates, and (3) either unemployed or not in the labor force.

Employment Trends

As of 2016Q3, total employment for Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania was 102,347 (based on a four-quarter moving average). Over the year ending 2016Q3, employment increased 0.5% in the region.

Employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3.

Unemployment Rate

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania was 6.1% as of November 2016. The regional unemployment rate was higher than the national rate of 5.0%. One year earlier, in November 2015, the unemployment rate in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania was 5.2%.

Unemployment rate data are from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and updated through November 2016.

Wage Trends

The average worker in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania earned annual wages of $39,888 as of 2016Q3. Average annual wages per worker increased 2.5% in the region during the preceding four quarters. For comparison purposes, annual average wages were $52,724 in the nation as of 2016Q3.

Annual average wages per worker data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3.

Cost of Living Index

The Cost of Living Index estimates the relative price levels for consumer goods and services. When applied to wages and salaries, the result is a measure of relative purchasing power. The cost of living is 5.3% lower in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania than the U.S. average.

Cost of Living Information
Annual Average Salary Cost of Living Index (Base US) US Purchasing Power
Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania $39,947 94.7 $42,182
Pennsylvania $52,640 98.7 $53,341
USA $53,758 100.0 $53,758

Source: JobsEQ®

Data as of 2016Q3

The Cost of Living Index is developed by Chmura Economics & Analytics and is updated quarterly.

Industry Snapshot

The largest sector in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania is Health Care and Social Assistance, employing 19,925 workers. The next-largest sectors in the region are Retail Trade (12,711 workers) and Manufacturing (9,395). High location quotients (LQs) indicate sectors in which a region has high concentrations of employment compared to the national average. The sectors with the largest LQs in the region are Transportation and Warehousing (LQ = 1.41), Health Care and Social Assistance (1.38), and Finance and Insurance (1.17).

Employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3.

Sectors in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania with the highest average wages per worker are Utilities ($76,919), Finance and Insurance ($62,918), and Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services ($56,234). Regional sectors with the best job growth (or most moderate job losses) over the last 5 years are Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services (+1,138 jobs), Transportation and Warehousing (+777), and Accommodation and Food Services (+398).

Over the next 10 years, employment in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania is projected to contract by 1,691 jobs. The fastest growing sector in the region is expected to be Health Care and Social Assistance with a +1.1% year-over-year rate of growth. The strongest forecast by number of jobs over this period is expected for Health Care and Social Assistance (+2,342 jobs), Construction (+238), and Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (+193).

Current Historical Forecast
Four Quarters Ending with 2016q3 Total Change over Last 5 Yrs. Average Annual % Change in Employment 2011q3-2016q3 Over the Next 10 Years
NAICS Industry Empl Avg. Annual Wages Location Quotient Empl Lackawanna County, Pa. Pa. USA Total Approx Repl Demand Total Growth Demand Avg. Annual Growth Percent
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 268 $21,581 0.18 -69 -4.5% 0.9% 1.3% 88 -37 -1.5%
21 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction 45 $45,232 0.10 -18 -6.4% -3.7% -1.9% 10 -4 -0.9%
22 Utilities 408 $76,919 0.74 207 15.2% 1.8% 0.1% 99 -41 -1.1%
23 Construction 4,169 $50,006 0.74 53 0.3% 1.2% 3.1% 835 238 0.6%
31 Manufacturing 9,395 $48,563 1.11 -544 -1.1% -0.1% 1.1% 1,992 -1,598 -1.8%
42 Wholesale Trade 3,773 $50,140 0.93 224 1.2% -0.5% 1.2% 807 -202 -0.5%
44 Retail Trade 12,711 $25,157 1.14 -718 -1.1% 0.2% 1.5% 3,819 -659 -0.5%
48 Transportation and Warehousing 5,929 $44,070 1.41 777 2.8% 2.1% 2.4% 1,480 -467 -0.8%
51 Information 1,337 $48,748 0.65 -416 -5.3% -1.5% 0.7% 289 -270 -2.2%
52 Finance and Insurance 4,772 $62,918 1.17 -186 -0.8% 0.2% 1.0% 1,095 -219 -0.5%
53 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 1,036 $37,543 0.60 39 0.8% 1.1% 1.8% 223 -62 -0.6%
54 Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 4,545 $56,234 0.68 -47 -0.2% 2.1% 2.6% 952 193 0.4%
55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 1,273 $48,673 0.86 74 1.2% 1.8% 3.0% 262 -62 -0.5%
56 Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 6,851 $27,090 1.03 1,138 3.7% 1.8% 2.9% 1,534 70 0.1%
61 Educational Services 8,732 $43,795 1.03 -369 -0.8% -1.3% 0.4% 1,801 -155 -0.2%
62 Health Care and Social Assistance 19,925 $42,673 1.38 -411 -0.4% 1.2% 2.3% 4,009 2,342 1.1%
71 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 1,302 $21,396 0.65 -23 -0.3% 0.3% 2.3% 391 -20 -0.2%
72 Accommodation and Food Services 8,231 $15,519 0.90 398 1.0% 2.0% 3.2% 2,814 -302 -0.4%
81 Other Services (except Public Administration) 4,316 $25,680 0.95 -7 0.0% 0.6% 0.0% 1,050 -220 -0.5%
92 Public Administration 3,330 $49,525 0.68 -156 -0.9% -0.9% -0.2% 777 -218 -0.7%
Total – All Industries 102,347 $39,888 1.00 -53 0.0% 0.7% 1.7% 24,581 -1,691 -0.2%

Source: JobsEQ®

Employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3. Forecast employment growth uses national projections adapted for regional growth patterns.

Occupation Snapshot

The largest major occupation group in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania is Office and Administrative Support Occupations, employing 16,345 workers. The next-largest occupation groups in the region are Sales and Related Occupations (10,965 workers) and Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8,698). High location quotients (LQs) indicate occupation groups in which a region has high concentrations of employment compared to the national average. The major groups with the largest LQs in the region are Healthcare Support Occupations (LQ = 1.44), Community and Social Service Occupations (1.35), and Transportation and Material Moving Occupations (1.22).

Occupation groups in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania with the highest average wages per worker are Management Occupations ($103,200), Architecture and Engineering Occupations ($71,500), and Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations ($70,600). The unemployment rate in the region varied among the major groups from 1.7% among Legal Occupations to 9.8% among Transportation and Material Moving Occupations.

Over the next 10 years, the fastest growing occupation group in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania is expected to be Healthcare Support Occupations with a +1.3% year-over-year rate of growth. The strongest forecast by number of jobs over this period is expected for Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations (+642 jobs) and Healthcare Support Occupations (+581). Over the same period, the highest replacement demand (occupation demand due to retirements and workers moving from one occupation to another) is expected in Office and Administrative Support Occupations (3,589 jobs) and Sales and Related Occupations (3,463).

Occupation Snapshot in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Current Historical Forecast
Four Quarters Ending with 2016q3 2016q3 Total Change over the Last 5 Years Avg Ann % Chg in Empl 2011q3-2016q3 Over the Next 10 Years
SOC Title Empl Avg. Annual Wages1 LQ Unempl Unempl Rate Empl Lackawanna County, Pa. Pa. USA Current Online Job Ads2 Total Repl Demand Total Growth Demand Avg. Annual Growth Percent
11-0000 Management Occupations 5,355 $103,200 0.87 157 2.9% -52 -0.2% 0.6% 1.5% 228 1,570 -122 -0.2%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 4,315 $62,000 0.86 191 4.3% -74 -0.3% 0.9% 1.6% 173 946 53 0.1%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 1,852 $67,600 0.66 85 4.2% 8 0.1% 1.5% 2.6% 184 277 31 0.2%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,236 $71,500 0.72 35 2.7% -113 -1.7% 0.5% 1.2% 80 299 -68 -0.6%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 621 $62,300 0.76 14 2.1% 39 1.3% 0.5% 1.2% 34 197 30 0.5%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations 2,198 $41,900 1.35 87 4.0% 23 0.2% 0.4% 1.6% 113 480 156 0.7%
23-0000 Legal Occupations 739 $63,100 0.92 13 1.7% -80 -2.0% -0.4% 0.3% 8 143 -14 -0.2%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 5,701 $54,500 0.99 400 6.6% -313 -1.1% -1.2% 0.5% 100 1,162 -72 -0.1%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,479 $40,200 0.83 84 5.4% -116 -1.5% 0.1% 1.3% 71 502 -129 -0.9%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 6,872 $70,600 1.19 168 2.5% -479 -1.3% 0.7% 1.6% 496 1,490 642 0.9%
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 4,328 $28,200 1.44 282 6.7% -45 -0.2% 1.4% 2.3% 171 935 581 1.3%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 1,603 $40,800 0.81 85 5.0% 6 0.1% 0.4% 0.9% 69 362 -50 -0.3%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 8,698 $21,600 0.98 850 9.5% 408 1.0% 1.5% 3.0% 524 3,224 -238 -0.3%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,164 $24,700 0.85 238 7.3% 227 1.5% 0.5% 1.1% 159 694 -46 -0.1%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 4,413 $23,700 1.08 278 6.2% 215 1.0% 2.1% 2.2% 196 1,058 350 0.8%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 10,965 $34,000 1.03 747 6.7% -314 -0.6% 0.1% 1.5% 1,034 3,463 -572 -0.5%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 16,345 $33,500 1.06 985 6.0% -155 -0.2% 0.5% 1.7% 694 3,589 -975 -0.6%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 168 $31,400 0.25 17 8.1% -38 -4.0% 1.1% 1.8% 0 50 -20 -1.3%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 3,402 $43,700 0.74 259 7.0% 85 0.5% 0.7% 2.4% 71 627 143 0.4%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 3,342 $42,600 0.85 173 5.0% 111 0.7% 0.7% 1.7% 199 818 -59 -0.2%
51-0000 Production Occupations 7,148 $33,700 1.13 605 8.2% -79 -0.2% 0.3% 1.5% 184 1,783 -907 -1.3%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 8,403 $33,800 1.22 880 9.8% 683 1.7% 1.3% 2.2% 366 2,077 -423 -0.5%
00-0000 Total – All Occupations 102,347 $42,400 1.00 n/a n/a -53 0.0% 0.7% 1.7% 5,154 25,745 -1,708 -0.2%

Source: JobsEQ®

Data as of 2016Q3 unless noted otherwise

Note: Figures may not sum due to rounding.

  1. Occupation wages are as of 2015 and should be taken as the average for all Covered Employment
  2. Data represent found online ads active within the last thirty days in any zip code intersecting or within the selected region; data represents a sampling rather than the complete universe of postings.

Occupation employment data are estimated via industry employment data and the estimated industry/occupation mix. Industry employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and currently updated through 2016Q1, imputed where necessary with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3. Wages by occupation are as of 2015 provided by the BLS and imputed where necessary. Forecast employment growth uses national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics adapted for regional growth patterns.

Industry Clusters

A cluster is a geographic concentration of interrelated industries or occupations. The industry cluster in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania with the highest relative concentration is Utilities with a location quotient of 1.88. This cluster employs 830 workers in the region with an average wage of $55,808. Employment in the Utilities cluster is projected to contract in the region about 0.7% per year over the next ten years.

Location quotient and average wage data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, imputed where necessary, and updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3. Forecast employment growth uses national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics adapted for regional growth patterns.

Education Levels

Expected growth rates for occupations vary by the education and training required. While all employment in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania is projected to contract 0.2% over the next ten years, occupations typically requiring a postgraduate degree are expected to grow 0.5% per year, those requiring a bachelor’s degree are forecast to grow 0.0% per year, and occupations typically needing a 2-year degree or certificate are expected to grow 0.4% per year.

Employment by occupation data are estimates are as of 2016Q3. Education levels of occupations are based on BLS assignments. Forecast employment growth uses national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics adapted for regional growth patterns.

Luzerne County Demographic Profile

In 2015, the population in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania was 318,449. Between 2005 and 2015, the region’s population grew at an annual average rate of 0.1%.

The region has a civilian labor force of 159,734 with a participation rate of 60.4%. Of individuals 25 to 64 in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, 24.0% have a bachelor’s degree or higher which compares with 31.3% in the nation.

The median household income in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania is $45,897 and the median house value is $122,700.

Summary1
Percent Value
Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania USA Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania USA
Demographics
Population2 318,449 12,802,503 321,418,820
Population Annual Average Growth2 0.1% 0.3% 0.8% 226 35,251 2,590,222
Median Age3 42.5 40.1 37.2
Under 18 Years 20.2% 22.0% 24.0% 64,800 2,792,155 74,181,467
18 to 24 Years 9.3% 9.9% 9.9% 29,989 1,261,381 30,672,088
25 to 34 Years 11.0% 11.9% 13.3% 35,193 1,511,119 41,063,948
35 to 44 Years 12.9% 12.7% 13.3% 41,526 1,615,669 41,070,606
45 to 54 Years 15.2% 15.3% 14.6% 48,780 1,940,404 45,006,716
55 to 64 Years 13.4% 12.8% 11.8% 43,035 1,622,344 36,482,729
65 to 74 Years 8.6% 7.7% 7.0% 27,544 979,538 21,713,429
75 Years, and Over 9.4% 7.7% 6.0% 30,051 979,769 18,554,555
Race: White 90.7% 81.9% 72.4% 290,943 10,406,288 223,553,265
Race: Black or African American 3.4% 10.8% 12.6% 10,767 1,377,689 38,929,319
Race: American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2% 0.2% 0.9% 558 26,843 2,932,248
Race: Asian 1.0% 2.7% 4.8% 3,135 349,088 14,674,252
Race: Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 57 3,653 540,013
Race: Some Other Race 3.3% 2.4% 6.2% 10,555 300,983 19,107,368
Race: Two or More Races 1.5% 1.9% 2.9% 4,903 237,835 9,009,073
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 6.7% 5.7% 16.3% 21,491 719,660 50,477,594
Economic
Labor Force Participation Rate and Size (civilian population 16 years and over)4 60.4% 62.8% 63.3% 159,734 6,516,882 158,897,824
Armed Forces Labor Force4 0.1% 0.0% 0.4% 164 4,877 1,015,464
Veterans, Age 18-644 5.8% 5.2% 5.5% 11,378 411,502 10,750,884
Median Household Income3,4 $45,897 $53,599 $53,889
Per Capita Income3,4 $25,224 $29,291 $28,930
Poverty Level (of all people)4 15.8% 13.5% 15.5% 48,822 1,666,569 47,749,043
Households Receiving Food Stamps4 16.4% 12.9% 13.2% 21,135 637,866 15,399,651
Mean Commute Time (minutes)4 22.1 26.3 25.9
Commute via Public Transportation4 1.2% 5.6% 5.1% 1,677 326,404 7,362,038
Union Membership5 14.8% 12.7% 11.1%
Educational Attainment, Age 25-64
No High School Diploma4 8.7% 8.5% 11.8% 14,508 569,645 19,736,243
High School Graduate4 36.1% 33.8% 26.4% 60,466 2,274,786 43,982,863
Some College, No Degree4 20.5% 17.2% 21.7% 34,368 1,159,475 36,187,232
Associate’s Degree4 10.7% 9.1% 8.8% 17,949 613,510 14,742,654
Bachelor’s Degree4 15.5% 19.6% 19.9% 25,943 1,318,725 33,245,950
Postgraduate Degree4 8.5% 11.8% 11.4% 14,147 793,585 18,952,103
Housing
Total Housing Units4 148,441 5,585,611 133,351,840
Median House Value (of owner-occupied units)3,4 $122,700 $166,000 $178,600
Homeowner Vacancy4 2.7% 1.8% 1.9% 2,396 61,970 1,492,691
Rental Vacancy4 4.9% 5.9% 6.4% 2,160 97,321 2,949,366
Renter-Occupied Housing Units (% of Occupied Units)4 32.4% 30.8% 36.1% 41,639 1,527,069 42,214,214
Occupied Housing Units with No Vehicle Available (% of Occupied Units)4 10.8% 11.4% 9.1% 13,864 566,215 10,628,474
Social
Enrolled in Grade 12 (% of total population)4 1.3% 1.3% 1.4% 4,046 164,292 4,451,334
Disconnected Youth4,6 2.1% 2.6% 3.0% 349 17,840 518,859
Children in Single Parent Families (% of all children)4 42.5% 34.6% 34.8% 25,490 898,660 24,408,909
Disabled, Age 18-644 12.4% 11.0% 10.3% 23,936 862,720 19,985,588
Disabled, Age 18-64, Labor Force Participation Rate and Size4 37.5% 41.2% 41.0% 8,977 355,174 8,185,456
Foreign Born4 5.4% 6.3% 13.2% 17,415 800,519 41,717,420
Speak English Less Than Very Well (population 5 yrs and over)4 3.9% 4.1% 8.6% 11,919 492,286 25,410,756

Source: JobsEQ®

1, Census 2010, unless noted otherwise

2, Census 2015, annual average growth rate since 2005

3, Median values for certain aggregate regions (such as MSAs) may be estimated as the weighted averages of the median values from the composing counties.

4, ACS 2011-2015

5, 2014; Current Population Survey, unionstats.com, and Chmura; county- and zip-level data are best estimates based upon industry-, MSA-, and state-level data

6, Disconnected Youth are 16-19 year olds who are (1) not in school, (2) not high school graduates, and (3) either unemployed or not in the labor force.

Employment Trends

As of 2016Q3, total employment for Luzerne County, Pennsylvania was 150,728 (based on a four-quarter moving average). Over the year ending 2016Q3, employment increased 1.0% in the region.

Employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3.

Unemployment Rate

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Luzerne County, Pennsylvania was 6.5% as of November 2016. The regional unemployment rate was higher than the national rate of 5.0%. One year earlier, in November 2015, the unemployment rate in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania was 5.5%.

Unemployment rate data are from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and updated through November 2016.

Wage Trends

The average worker in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania earned annual wages of $40,927 as of 2016Q3. Average annual wages per worker increased 1.7% in the region during the preceding four quarters. For comparison purposes, annual average wages were $52,724 in the nation as of 2016Q3.

Annual average wages per worker data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3.

Cost of Living Index

The Cost of Living Index estimates the relative price levels for consumer goods and services. When applied to wages and salaries, the result is a measure of relative purchasing power. The cost of living is 8.1% lower in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania than the U.S. average.

Cost of Living Information
Annual Average Salary Cost of Living Index (Base US) US Purchasing Power
Luzerne County, Pennsylvania $41,067 91.9 $44,671
Pennsylvania $52,640 98.7 $53,341
USA $53,758 100.0 $53,758

Source: JobsEQ®

Data as of 2016Q3

The Cost of Living Index is developed by Chmura Economics & Analytics and is updated quarterly.

Industry Snapshot

The largest sector in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania is Health Care and Social Assistance, employing 25,569 workers. The next-largest sectors in the region are Retail Trade (18,562 workers) and Manufacturing (15,427). High location quotients (LQs) indicate sectors in which a region has high concentrations of employment compared to the national average. The sectors with the largest LQs in the region are Utilities (LQ = 2.81), Transportation and Warehousing (2.28), and Manufacturing (1.23).

Employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3.

Sectors in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania with the highest average wages per worker are Utilities ($103,095), Management of Companies and Enterprises ($65,159), and Finance and Insurance ($61,861). Regional sectors with the best job growth (or most moderate job losses) over the last 5 years are Transportation and Warehousing (+3,317 jobs), Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services (+2,490), and Accommodation and Food Services (+1,480).

Over the next 10 years, employment in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania is projected to expand by 907 jobs. The fastest growing sector in the region is expected to be Health Care and Social Assistance with a +1.6% year-over-year rate of growth. The strongest forecast by number of jobs over this period is expected for Health Care and Social Assistance (+4,346 jobs), Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services (+550), and Construction (+377).

Current Historical Forecast
Four Quarters Ending with 2016q3 Total Change over Last 5 Yrs. Average Annual % Change in Employment 2011q3-2016q3 Over the Next 10 Years
NAICS Industry Empl Avg. Annual Wages Location Quotient Empl Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania USA Total Approx Repl Demand Total Growth Demand Avg. Annual Growth Percent
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 309 $11,069 0.14 7 0.5% 0.9% 1.3% 101 -40 -1.4%
21 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction 458 $57,265 0.70 53 2.5% -3.7% -1.9% 106 -33 -0.8%
22 Utilities 2,277 $103,095 2.81 205 1.9% 1.8% 0.1% 541 -314 -1.5%
23 Construction 6,103 $44,991 0.74 -1 0.0% 1.2% 3.1% 1,225 377 0.6%
31 Manufacturing 15,427 $49,230 1.23 392 0.5% -0.1% 1.1% 3,315 -2,265 -1.6%
42 Wholesale Trade 5,794 $55,282 0.97 -666 -2.2% -0.5% 1.2% 1,248 -229 -0.4%
44 Retail Trade 18,562 $26,454 1.13 65 0.1% 0.2% 1.5% 5,737 89 0.0%
48 Transportation and Warehousing 14,173 $39,356 2.28 3,317 5.5% 2.1% 2.4% 3,597 -655 -0.5%
51 Information 3,106 $49,206 1.03 -1,088 -5.8% -1.5% 0.7% 707 -337 -1.1%
52 Finance and Insurance 5,360 $61,861 0.89 180 0.7% 0.2% 1.0% 1,249 -78 -0.1%
53 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 1,239 $49,782 0.49 5 0.1% 1.1% 1.8% 270 -49 -0.4%
54 Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 4,580 $53,800 0.46 527 2.5% 2.1% 2.6% 963 235 0.5%
55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 1,671 $65,159 0.77 -405 -4.2% 1.8% 3.0% 349 -42 -0.3%
56 Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 11,182 $26,801 1.14 2,490 5.2% 1.8% 2.9% 2,551 550 0.5%
61 Educational Services 10,394 $44,478 0.83 96 0.2% -1.3% 0.4% 2,154 -82 -0.1%
62 Health Care and Social Assistance 25,569 $46,196 1.21 585 0.5% 1.2% 2.3% 5,263 4,346 1.6%
71 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 1,835 $23,626 0.62 -980 -8.2% 0.3% 2.3% 556 6 0.0%
72 Accommodation and Food Services 12,243 $17,120 0.91 1,480 2.6% 2.0% 3.2% 4,223 -230 -0.2%
81 Other Services (except Public Administration) 4,785 $24,821 0.71 93 0.4% 0.6% 0.0% 1,181 -106 -0.2%
92 Public Administration 5,662 $50,482 0.79 -685 -2.3% -0.9% -0.2% 1,338 -235 -0.4%
Total – All Industries 150,728 $40,927 1.00 5,668 0.8% 0.7% 1.7% 36,601 907 0.1%

Source: JobsEQ®

Employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and imputed where necessary. Data are updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3. Forecast employment growth uses national projections adapted for regional growth patterns.

Occupation Snapshot

The largest major occupation group in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania is Office and Administrative Support Occupations, employing 24,278 workers. The next-largest occupation groups in the region are Transportation and Material Moving Occupations (16,261 workers) and Sales and Related Occupations (15,490). High location quotients (LQs) indicate occupation groups in which a region has high concentrations of employment compared to the national average. The major groups with the largest LQs in the region are Transportation and Material Moving Occupations (LQ = 1.60), Production Occupations (1.27), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.20).

Occupation groups in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania with the highest average wages per worker are Management Occupations ($104,600), Architecture and Engineering Occupations ($73,900), and Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations ($70,000). The unemployment rate in the region varied among the major groups from 2.0% among Legal Occupations to 10.6% among Transportation and Material Moving Occupations.

Over the next 10 years, the fastest growing occupation group in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania is expected to be Healthcare Support Occupations with a +1.7% year-over-year rate of growth. The strongest forecast by number of jobs over this period is expected for Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations (+1,400 jobs) and Healthcare Support Occupations (+992). Over the same period, the highest replacement demand (occupation demand due to retirements and workers moving from one occupation to another) is expected in Office and Administrative Support Occupations (5,449 jobs) and Sales and Related Occupations (4,925).

Occupation Snapshot in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Current Historical Forecast
Four Quarters Ending with 2016q3 2016q3 Total Change over the Last 5 Years Avg Ann % Chg in Empl 2011q3-2016q3 Over the Next 10 Years
SOC Title Empl Avg. Annual Wages1 LQ Unempl Unempl Rate Empl Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania USA Current Online Job Ads2 Total Repl Demand Total Growth Demand Avg. Annual Growth Percent
11-0000 Management Occupations 7,495 $104,600 0.83 232 3.2% 105 0.3% 0.6% 1.5% 319 2,214 -12 0.0%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,992 $61,200 0.82 275 4.7% 95 0.3% 0.9% 1.6% 198 1,335 91 0.2%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 3,278 $67,700 0.79 142 4.7% 224 1.4% 1.5% 2.6% 153 496 211 0.6%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,721 $73,900 0.68 48 2.9% 43 0.5% 0.5% 1.2% 60 426 -90 -0.5%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 721 $62,800 0.60 17 2.3% -4 -0.1% 0.5% 1.2% 49 230 40 0.5%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations 2,661 $42,800 1.11 116 4.6% -350 -2.4% 0.4% 1.6% 109 596 309 1.1%
23-0000 Legal Occupations 821 $63,600 0.69 16 2.0% -19 -0.5% -0.4% 0.3% 6 161 5 0.1%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 7,322 $52,000 0.86 551 7.3% -41 -0.1% -1.2% 0.5% 183 1,544 31 0.0%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,929 $40,700 0.73 115 5.9% -14 -0.1% 0.1% 1.3% 90 664 -78 -0.4%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 9,513 $70,000 1.12 246 2.7% 631 1.4% 0.7% 1.6% 585 2,116 1,400 1.4%
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 5,304 $28,700 1.20 395 7.3% 274 1.1% 1.4% 2.3% 249 1,180 992 1.7%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,870 $41,300 0.98 159 5.4% -4 0.0% 0.4% 0.9% 122 645 -52 -0.2%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 11,907 $21,800 0.91 1,294 10.3% 371 0.6% 1.5% 3.0% 584 4,514 -43 0.0%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,413 $25,200 0.81 381 8.1% 321 1.5% 0.5% 1.1% 202 992 48 0.1%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 5,786 $23,900 0.97 395 6.7% 139 0.5% 2.1% 2.2% 252 1,475 548 0.9%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 15,490 $34,500 0.98 1,218 7.7% -240 -0.3% 0.1% 1.5% 1,302 4,925 -401 -0.3%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 24,278 $33,700 1.07 1,618 6.7% 1,346 1.1% 0.5% 1.7% 880 5,449 -531 -0.2%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 188 $33,200 0.19 23 8.7% 8 0.9% 1.1% 1.8% 4 52 -21 -1.2%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 5,126 $44,900 0.76 401 7.6% 125 0.5% 0.7% 2.4% 79 948 235 0.4%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 5,838 $44,600 1.01 319 5.4% -51 -0.2% 0.7% 1.7% 318 1,439 -110 -0.2%
51-0000 Production Occupations 11,814 $35,200 1.27 1,063 8.8% 436 0.8% 0.3% 1.5% 248 3,070 -1,304 -1.2%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 16,261 $34,500 1.60 1,745 10.6% 2,272 3.1% 1.3% 2.2% 481 4,153 -359 -0.2%
00-0000 Total – All Occupations 150,728 $42,400 1.00 n/a n/a 5,668 0.8% 0.7% 1.7% 6,473 38,623 910 0.1%

Source: JobsEQ®

Data as of 2016Q3 unless noted otherwise

Note: Figures may not sum due to rounding.

  1. Occupation wages are as of 2015 and should be taken as the average for all Covered Employment
  2. Data represent found online ads active within the last thirty days in any zip code intersecting or within the selected region; data represents a sampling rather than the complete universe of postings.

Occupation employment data are estimated via industry employment data and the estimated industry/occupation mix. Industry employment data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and currently updated through 2016Q1, imputed where necessary with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3. Wages by occupation are as of 2015 provided by the BLS and imputed where necessary. Forecast employment growth uses national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics adapted for regional growth patterns.

Industry Clusters

A cluster is a geographic concentration of interrelated industries or occupations. The industry cluster in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania with the highest relative concentration is Chemical with a location quotient of 2.61. This cluster employs 3,669 workers in the region with an average wage of $50,618. Employment in the Chemical cluster is projected to contract in the region about 2.2% per year over the next ten years.

Location quotient and average wage data are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, imputed where necessary, and updated through 2016Q1 with preliminary estimates updated to 2016Q3. Forecast employment growth uses national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics adapted for regional growth patterns.

Education Levels

Expected growth rates for occupations vary by the education and training required. While all employment in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania is projected to grow 0.1% over the next ten years, occupations typically requiring a postgraduate degree are expected to grow 1.0% per year, those requiring a bachelor’s degree are forecast to grow 0.3% per year, and occupations typically needing a 2-year degree or certificate are expected to grow 0.7% per year.

Employment by occupation data are estimates are as of 2016Q3. Education levels of occupations are based on BLS assignments. Forecast employment growth uses national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics adapted for regional growth patterns.

FAQ

What is a location quotient?
A location quotient (LQ) is a measurement of concentration in comparison to the nation. An LQ of 1.00 indicates a region has the same concentration of an industry (or occupation) as the nation. An LQ of 2.00 would mean the region has twice the expected employment compared to the nation and an LQ of 0.50 would mean the region has half the expected employment in comparison to the nation.

What is replacement demand?
Replacement demand is the number of jobs required due to replacements—retirements and turnover resulting from workers moving from one occupation into another. Note that replacement demand does not include all turnover—it does not include when workers stay in the same occupation but switch employers. The replacement demand shown in this report may also be understated; thus, it can be taken to be a minimum measure of the number of workers who will need to be trained for the occupation due to replacements. The total projected demand for an occupation is the sum of the replacement demand and the growth demand (which is the increase or decrease of jobs in an occupation expected due to expansion or contraction of the overall number of jobs in that occupation).

What is a cluster?
A cluster is a geographic concentration of interrelated industries or occupations. If a regional cluster has a location quotient of 1.25 or greater, the region is considered to possess a competitive advantage in that cluster.

What is the difference between industry wages and occupation wages?
Industry wages and occupation wages are estimated via separate data sets, often the time periods being reported do not align, and wages are defined slightly differently in the two systems (for example, certain bonuses are included in the industry wages but not the occupation wages). It is therefore common that estimates of the average industry wages and average occupation wages in a region do not match exactly.

What is NAICS?
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is used to classify business establishments according to the type of economic activity. The NAICS Code comprises six levels, from the “all industry” level to the 6-digit level. The first two digits define the top level category, known as the “sector,” which is the level examined in this report.

What is SOC?
The Standard Occupational Classification system (SOC) is used to classify workers into occupational categories. All workers are classified into one of over 820 occupations according to their occupational definition. To facilitate classification, occupations are combined to form 23 major groups, 96 minor groups, and 449 occupation groups. Each occupation group includes detailed occupations requiring similar job duties, skills, education, or experience.

About This Report
This report and all data herein were produced by JobsEQ®, a product of Chmura Economics & Analytics. The information contained herein was obtained from sources we believe to be reliable. However, we cannot guarantee its accuracy and completeness.